高中英语人教版 | 必修2重点词汇、短语、句型、语法全汇总!(含音频+过关检测)

今天小编为大家分享的是人教版课本必修2重点词汇、短语、句型和单元语法。抓紧时间,高效学起来! Unit1 Cu…

今天小编为大家分享的是人教版课本必修2重点词汇、短语、句型和单元语法。抓紧时间,高效学起来!

Unit1 Cultural Relics
【重点词汇、短语】
1. survive 幸免,生存,生还
2. in search of 寻找
3. select 挑选
4. design 设计,图案,构思
5. fancy 奇特的,异样的,想象
6. decorate 装饰,装潢
7. belong to 属于
8. in return 作为回报
9. at war 处于交战中
10. remove 移动,搬动
11. less than 少于
12. doubt 怀疑
13. worth 值得的,相当于…的价值
14. take apart 拆开
15. explode 爆炸
16. sink 下沉,沉下
17. think highly of 高度评价
【重点句型】 
1. There is no doubt that…  毫无疑问…     
2. when的用法 
was/were doing…when… 正在做某事…这时
was/were about to do… when…. 将要做某事…这时
had just done…when… 刚做完某事…这时
3. China is larger than any other country in the world.  (同一范围内的比较)
She runs faster than any man in Greece. (不同范围内的比较)
4. the way的用法
The way___ he explained to us was quite simple.  (that/which/省略)
The way ___ he explained the sentence to us was not difficult. (that/in which/省略)
5. worth的用法
be (well) worth doing sth (很)值得做某事
be worthy to be done  = be worthy of being done  
It’s worthwhile to do sth = it’s worthwhile doing sth
6. “疑问词+ to do” 结构,在句中做主语、宾语、表语
How to do it is a question.       
I don’t know what to do next.
7. it做形式主语
It has been proved that pride goes before a fall.
事实证明骄必败。
8. what 引导主语从句,在从句中作主语
What he has said is of great importance.
What happened to him remained unknown.
【语法总结】
非限定性定语从句
非限定性定语从句的作用是对所修饰的成分作进一步说明(注:通常和主句间用逗号隔开,不受主句句子结构的影响,将从句拿掉后其他部分仍可成立)
限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句的六点区别
区别一:形式不同
限定性定语从句主句和从句之间不用逗号隔开,口语中使用时也不停顿;而非限定性定语从句与主句之间通常有逗号隔开,口语中使用时有停顿。
区别二:功能不同
限定性定语从句用于对先行词的意义进行修饰、限制和识别,如果去掉,就会造成句意不完整或概念不清;而非限定性定语从句用于对先行词起补充说明作用,如果省略,句意仍然清楚、完整。如:
People who take physical exercise live longer. 进行体育锻炼的人活得长些。(若把从句去掉句子就失去意义)
His daughter, who is in Boston now, is coming home next week. 他女儿现在在波士顿,下星期回来。(若把从句去句子意义仍然完整)
区别三:翻译不同
在翻译定语从句时,一般把限定性定语从句翻译在它所修饰的先行词之前,而把非限定性定语从句与主句分开。如:
He is the man whose car was stolen. 他就是汽车被窃的那个人。
I’ve invited Jim, who lives in the next flat. 我邀请了吉姆,他就住在隔壁。
区别四:含义不同
比较下面的两个句子:
I have a sister who is a doctor. 我有一个医生的姐姐。(姐姐不止一个)
I have a sister, who is a doctor. 我有一个姐姐,她是当医生的。(只有一个姐姐)
区别五:先行词不同
限定性定语从句的先行词只能是名词或代词,而非限定性定语从句的先行词则可以是名词或代词,也可以是短语或句子;另外,当先行词为专有名词或其他具有独一无二性的普通名词时,通常要用非限制性定语从句,而不用限制性定语从句。如:
Peter drove too fast, which was dangerous. 彼得开车很快,这是很危险的。(which指drive too fast)
He changed his mind, which made me very angry. 他改变了主意,这使我很生气。(which指整个主句)
区别六:关系词不同
关系词that和why可用于限制性定语从句中,通常不用于非限制性定语从句;另外,在限制性定语从句中,关系词有时可以省略(参见本章有关内容),而在非限制性定语从句中关系词一律不省略。
Unit2 The Olympic Games
【重点词汇、短语】
1. compete 比赛,竞争
2. take part in 参加,参与
3. stand for  代表,象征,表示
4. admit  容许,接纳,承认
5. as well 也,又,还
6. host 做东,招待,主人
7. replace 代替
8. charge 收费,控诉
in charge  主管,看管
9. advertise I做广告,登广告
10. bargain 讨价还价,讲条件,便宜货
11. one after another  一个接一个地
12. deserve 应受(报答或惩罚)
13. deserve的用法
deserve to do sth 应该做/值得做   
deserve doing = deserve to be done 值得… (doing 表被动意义) 
Your suggestion deserves to be considered = deserves considering.  
( 用法相似的动词:need/want/require doing= need/want/require to be done 需要….)
14. take part in : 参加有组织的、重大的活动
join in 参加正在进行的活动
join: 参加团体,党派和组织,成为其中的一员(join the army; join the party)
attend: 出席,参加,后跟 meeting,wedding,class, course等
【重点句型】
1. nor/neither + 助动词/be/情态动词 + 主语:表示“…也不这样”
I have never been abroad, and neither/nor has he.
If you don’t go to the party, nor will I.
2. So+情态动词/助动词/be动词+主语 :表示“…也是的一样的”, 强调后者同前者肯定情况一样。 
3. So+主语+情态动词/助动词/be动词:表示 “的确如此”,对前面情况的肯定。 
4. not only…but (also)… 不但…而且… 
Women are not only allowed, but play a very important role in gymnastics.
(1) 引导并列结构:引导主语时,谓语动词 就近原则。 
(2) 引导并列句时,not only句倒装,即前倒后不倒。 
Not only did they take photos, but also they had a bid dinner.  

扫码领取 同步微课及过关检测

【语法总结】
被动语态 
一. 概念:主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者,被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者。 
二. 各种时态被动语态的形式 
1. 一般现在时的被动语态  am/is/are + done
2. 一般过去时的被动语态  was/were + done  
3. 一般将来时的被动语态 ⑴will be done  is/am/are going to be done
4. 现在进行时的被动语态  is/am/are + being + done 
表示说话人说话时或现阶段正在进行的动作,经常和时间副词now (现在), right now (现在, 此刻), at present (现在,目前), at this moment (此刻)连用。 
5.现在完成时的被动   have/has been done 
现在完成时常与already, always, often, ever, never, yet, not…yet, just等不表示明确的时间副词连用, 还可以和表示时间一直延续到目前的带(ever )since, for的状语及包括现在在内的词连用。如: now, today, this month, this year, recently, these days,many times, so far, by now, in the past/last few days/years… 等。6. 过去完成时的被动  had been done
7. 过去将来时的被动  would be done 
8. 过去进行时的被动  was/were being done 
9. 带情态动词的被动语态  情态动词 + be done 
10. 动词不定式的被动式  to be done   
e.g. It is an honor for me to be asked to speak here. 
三. 注意事项
1. 并不是所有动词都有被动语态 
 happen, take place, break out, belong to, cost, last等不及物动词或词组无被动语态。 
2. 短语动词、固定搭配变被动语态介词或副词不能省。  
E.g. Time should be made full use of.       
3. 双宾语:一个宾语成主语,另一主语保留不变。  
E.g.  Mother will buy me an iphone5.  → I will be bought an iphone5 (by my mother) . 
→ An iphone5 will be bought for me (by my mother) .
Unit3 Computers
【重点词汇、短语】
1. solve  解决;解答
2. from…on 从……时起
3. as a result 结果
4. so…that  如此…以至于
5. explore  探索,探测,研究
6. anyhow 无论如何,即使如此
7. goal 目标,球门,得分
8. human race 人类
9. signal 发信号,信号
10. type 类型,打字
11. in a way 在某种程度上
12. arise 出现,发生
13. with the help of  在……的帮助下
14. electronic 电子的
15. deal with 处理
16.  watch over 看守,监视
17. rise/arise/arouse/raise的区别
单词
词性及意义
过去式
过去分词
现在分词
arise
(vi. )出现,发生
arose
arisen
arising
arouse
(vt. )唤醒,激起
aroused
aroused
arousing
rise
(vi. )升起,上升
rose
risen
rising
raise
(vt. )举起,饲养
raised
raised
raising
【重点句型】
1. certain和sure的句型 
sb. be sure/certain of…= sb. be sure/certain that从句:某人确信… 
be sure/certain to do sth. 肯定会做… 
It’s certain that从句  肯定会 
例如:It’s certain that he will succeed.=He’s sure/certain to succeed.他肯定会成功的。 
I’m sure/certain of his success.= I’m sure/certain that he will succeed. 我确信他会成功的。
2. 主语+ be + adj + to do    The question is easy to answer.
3. 状语从句的省略
在when, while, if, unless, though, once等引导的状语从句中,如果从句的主语和主句的主语一致, 且从句中的谓语含有be动词时, 为了使句子简洁, 可省略从句中的主语和be动词。
While playing in the snow, the two pandas had great fun.
Unless invited, he has decided not to attend that activity.
【语法总结】现在完成时的被动语态(详见第二单元)
 

 
Unit4 Wildlife protection
【重点词汇、短语】
1. die out 灭亡、逐渐消失
2. hunt 打猎,猎取
3. in peace 和平地,安详地
4. in danger of 在危险中
5. in relief 如释重负,松了口气
6. burst into laughter 突然笑起来
7. protect…from 保护…不受…之害
8. contain 包含,容纳,容忍
9. affect影响,感动,侵袭
10. pay attention to 注意
11. appreciate 鉴赏,感激
12. succeed  成功,接替
13. employ 雇佣,利用
14. harm 危害
15. bite 咬,叮
16. come into being 形成,产生
17. inspect 检查,视察
18. according to 按照,根据
19. so that  以至于
【重点句型】
1. succeed in doing sth 成功的做某事                   
succeed to sth 继承某事   
2. under construction/discussion 正在被建设/讨论        
in use 正在被使用
3. do harm to sth = be harmful to sth 对…有害      
there is no harm in doing sth 做某事无害
4. be used to do sth 被用来做…  
used to sth 过去常常做…  
be used to doing sth 习惯于做某事  
5. It won’t be long before… 过不了多久…就会…     
6. take measures to do sth 采取措施做某事
7. with的复合结构:with + n/pron +  adj/adv/ 介词短语/现在分词/过去分词/不定式
With a lot of problems to settle, she can’t go out. (将来)
With time going by, he is getting along well with his English. (主动,进行)
With the work done, he can go out.   (被动,完成)
【语法总结】现在进行时的被动语态(详见第二单元)
Unit5 Music
【重点词汇、短语】
1. roll 滚动,摇晃,卷,
2. dream of 梦见,梦想
3. to be honest 实话说
4. attach 系上,附加
attach …to 认为有……(重要性、意义)
5. form 组成,形成,构成
6. earn 赚,挣得
7. perform 表演,执行,履行
8. in cash 用现金,有现钱
9. play jokes on 戏弄
10. rely on 依赖,依靠
11. be/get familiar with 熟悉
12. or so 大约
13. break up 打碎,分裂
14. in addition 另外
15. sort out 分类
16. above all 最重要,首先
【重点句型】
1. dream of/about  梦想做…     
2. to be honest= honestly speaking = to tell the truth 说实话
3. form the habit of… 形成…习惯  
in the form of… 以…形式
4. I would appreciate it if… 如果…我将不胜感激.
go wrong 出故障 come up with 提出 make up 构成;编造     a5. as is often the case 情况通常如此
6. It looks as if it is going to rain.(真实语气:很有可能发生)
He treats me as if I were a stranger.   (虚拟语气:与现在事实He talked about Rome as if he had been there before. (虚拟语气:与过去事实相反)
【语法总结】
prep+which/whom引导的定语从句
关系代词在定语从句中作介词后面的宾语时,有时可把介词提到关系代词的前面,但这时如果先行词是人,要用“介词+whom”引导定语从句;如果先行词是物,要用“介词+which”引导定语从句。且关系代词都不能省略。
Eg: 1. The girl whom I borrowed the bike from is my friend.
2. The girl from whom I borrowed the bike is my friend.
3. How is the film about which I often talked to you?
4. Is this the room in which Mr. Smith lives?
注意:一些固定的含有介词的短语动词在定语从句中不能拆开,即不能把介词放关系词前。
1. This is the bag which he is looking for .
2. The old lady whom she is looking after is her teacher.

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